In his book Populism and Liberal Democracy, Takis Pappas offers a comprehensive theory about populism during its emergence and consolidation phases in three geographical regions: Europe, Latin America and the United States.
Pappas offers a detailed comparison of populist governments in countries such as Argentina, Greece, Peru, Italy, Venezuela, Ecuador, Hungary, Spain, Brazil and the U.S. His analysis addresses specific questions including: What is populism? How to distinguish populists from non-populists? What causes populism? How and where does populism thrive? How do populists govern? Who is the populist voter? How does populism endanger democracy?