Bouwers has been a postdoctoral research fellow at Bielefeld University, Germany since 2009. She specializes in modern European cultural history - notably nineteenth-century Germany, France, and Italy - and is the author of Public Pantheons in Revolutionary Europe: Comparing Cultures of Remembrance, c. 1790-1840 (2011). Bouwers studied history, art history, and political science in Utrecht, Leuven, and Amsterdam. She received her PhD from the European University Institute, Florence in 2009. She is currently working on a book-length study that deals with the use of violence and iconoclasm in the culture wars of modern Europe. She will be in residence at CES from September through December 2011.