Sato is a lecturer in the Committee on Degrees in Social Studies and in the department of sociology at Harvard. Her research focuses on the ways in which culture and politics intersect and are mutually constitutive in different national contexts. Her dissertation explored how the meanings of genetically modified food developed and shaped politics and policy developments in Japan, France, and the United States. Sato received her PhD in sociology from Princeton University, MA in journalism from New York University, and BA in English from the University of Tokyo. She was a postdoctoral associate at the Institute for the Social Sciences at Cornell University for the academic year 2007-2008.