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Social Inclusion and Poverty Eradication: An International Workshop

Session 2: Caste, Indigenous and Racial Exclusion, Affirmative Action and Poverty: India


November 17, 2016
11:45am - 1:00pm
Lower Level Conference Room, Busch Hall

Social Inclusion and Poverty Eradication: An International Workshop

Session 2: Caste, Indigenous and Racial Exclusion, Affirmative Action and Poverty: India


November 17, 2016
11:45am - 1:00pm
Lower Level Conference Room, Busch Hall
November 17, 2016
11:45am - 1:00pm
Lower Level Conference Room, Busch Hall

About

Chair: S.V. Subramanian, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University

11:45 a.m.

Sukhadeo Thorat, Professor of Economics, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India and Chairman, Indian Council of Social Science Research
Why does caste discrimination persist despite its illegality in India: Reflections on theories of discrimination

Discussant: Lant Pritchett, Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University

The paper reviews the evidence that caste discrimination persists in India although the Constitution outlawed it, in light of Darity’s identity theory of norms formation, Akerlof and Kranton’s theory of Identity Economics, and Ambedkar's theory of caste.

12:15 p.m.

Surinder S. Jodhka, Professor, Centre for the Study of Social Systems, Jawaharlal Nehru University, India
Exclusionary Rural Transformations - Social Dynamics of Caste and Community in the Non-farm Economy in India

Discussant: Rohini Pande, Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University

This paper examines the increasingly marginalized rural nonfarm population of India that has long been internally differentiated on caste and community (religious) lines. Caste and community are not merely distinctions of cultural identity and ritual status, but also regulate access to material resources, such as agricultural land, and produce rigid and exclusionary social structures grounded in institutionalized practices of discrimination and denial. Further, the relationship of the rural and urban reproduces poverty and newer forms of exclusion by caste, community and gender.

Following this session, lunch will be provided for the workshop participants from 1-2 p.m. in the CES Atrium.

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