The EU's growth strategy for the coming decade (Europe 2020) includes education as one of the top five objectives for the decade. At the same time, the Lisbon Treaty did not empower EU in the educational field. This has established intergovernmental decision-making processes as the only way to build European education. This panel will analyze the consequences of this distribution of power in the EU’s educational policy outcomes. It will do so by comparing the European scenario with the US approach to the decision making process and distribution of power in educational policy.